Schaaf, Philadelphia: Fortress Press, —93, He then proceeded to Worms, where he was to meet with the German estates in early He told Luther to come back the next day at the same time with his answer. The Diet of Worms. American Revolution. By , he was an ordained priest and had offered his first mass. Unless I am convinced by the testimony of the Scriptures or by clear reason for I do not trust either in the pope or in councils alone, since it is well known that they have often erred and contradicted themselves, I am bound by the Scriptures I have quoted and my conscience is captive to the Word of God. I cannot and will not retract, for we must never act contrary to our conscience Johann Eck, who was representing the Emperor, asked Martin Luther if he was ready to recant his heresies. James L. Updated About encyclopedia.
Luther answering charges of heresy before the Diet of Worms in History at your fingertips. Normally this would have been followed by the Imperial ban. Luther was to many of those in the rebellion a hero because he had publicly sided with the peasants on many of their grievances. Try it now. The French crown had designs on a similar regency. The Pope then excommunicated Luther on 3 January Because of the confused political and religious situation of the time, Luther was called before the political authorities rather than before the pope or a council of the Roman Catholic Church. Related Topics Reformation. When the counselor put the same questions to him, Luther first apologized that he lacked the etiquette of the court.
The increasing gap between Luther and the papacy on key questions regarding the Christian faith eventually culminated in a definitive rupture when in late or Luther came to his mature understanding of the Gospel. The Reformer was warned unequivocally that if he did not publicly renounce these errors and submit himself to the authority of the Roman Church that he would be excommunicated. For those living in the sixteenth century, excommunication was far more serious than to simply being shunned by the institutional Church. Excommunication more often than not carried with it the penalty of torture and death at the hands of the civil authorities. He told his followers who had gathered to observe this event that in condemning his teaching the pope had condemned the Gospel itself. In this, the pontiff had revealed himself to in fact be the occupant office of the Anti-Christ predicted by the New Testament. Due to his popular support and his unwillingness to recant his views, Luther represented a serious threat to the political and religious stability of the Holy Roman Empire. Therefore, the newly elected emperor, Charles V, summoned Luther to the imperial Diet that was to be held at the German city of Worms. Although the Diet commenced on January 23 rd, , Luther did not arrive until April 16 th. The granting of safe conduct meant that Luther could not be seized and put to death.