Updated Dec 17th, — Written by Craig Clarke. Medical review by Dr. Aastha Kalra, DO. The ketogenic diet was originally developed almost years ago to treat epilepsy. Nowadays, it is used as a nutrition plan by health-conscious men and women to optimize body composition and athletic performance. Recent research suggests that high fat, very-low carb diets have another benefit: They may help control glucose, triglycerides, insulin, and body weight in people with diabetes. The research below shows the ketogenic diet may be an effective tool you can use to manage symptoms of Diabetes, alongside exercise and medication.
Ioannidis J. These dietary approaches are effective for losing weight, but there is growing evidence suggesting that caution is needed, especially when these diets are followed for long periods of time, or by individuals of a very young age or with certain diseases [ 2, 3 ]. Both also underwent equal exercise and nutritional training. As regular visitors will know from Dr. Thyroid Diseases. Abbasi J. Diets that promise successful weight loss get a lot of buzz. Too good to be true? Aguirre Castaneda R. Snorgaard O.
Low-carb and ketogenic diets are popular among clinicians and patients, but the appropriateness of reducing carbohydrates intake in obese patients and in patients with diabetes is still debated. Studies in the literature are indeed controversial, possibly because these diets are generally poorly defined; this, together with the intrinsic complexity of dietary interventions, makes it difficult to compare results from different studies. Despite the evidence that reducing carbohydrates intake lowers body weight and, in patients with type 2 diabetes, improves glucose control, few data are available about sustainability, safety and efficacy in the long-term. In this review we explored the possible role of low-carb and ketogenic diets in the pathogenesis and management of type 2 diabetes and obesity. Furthermore, we also reviewed evidence of carbohydrates restriction in both pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes, through gut microbiota modification, and treatment of type 1 diabetes, addressing the legitimate concerns about the use of such diets in patients who are ketosis-prone and often have not completed their growth. According to the International Diabetes Federation 8th Diabetes Atlas, about million people worldwide have diabetes and, if the current trends continue, million of people aged 20—79 will have diabetes by [ 1 ]. Nutrition is key for preventing type 2 diabetes T2D and obesity, but there are no evidence-based data defining the best dietary approach to prevent and treat these conditions. In the last decades, low carbohydrate diets LCD and ketogenic diets KD have become widely known and popular ways to lose weight, not only within the scientific community, but also among the general public, with best-selling dedicated books or intense discussion on social media networks staying at the top of the diet trend list for years. These dietary approaches are effective for losing weight, but there is growing evidence suggesting that caution is needed, especially when these diets are followed for long periods of time, or by individuals of a very young age or with certain diseases [ 2, 3 ]. Various diets with a low content of carbohydrates CHO have been proposed, such as the Atkins diet, the Zone diet, the South Beach diet and the Paleo diet [ 5 ]. The term LCD includes very heterogeneous nutritional regimens [ 6 ]; no univocal definition s have been proposed and clinical studies on LCD do often not provide information on CHO content and quality.