Int J Obes Lond ; diabetes. Because of the heterogeneity, a subgroup analysis was conducted to Clin Nutr. Comparison of weight-loss diets with 32 9 – Am J and carbohydrates. Low-carbohydrate diet in type 2 different compositions of fat, protein.
Low-carbohydrate diets are associated with cardiovascular risk factors; however, the results of different studies are inconsistent. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the relationship between low-carbohydrate diets and cardiovascular risk factors. We collected data from 12 randomized trials on low-carbohydrate diets including total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol HDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol LDL-C, triglycerides, and blood pressure levels, as well as weight as the endpoints. The average difference MD was used as the index to measure the effect of a low-carbohydrate diet on cardiovascular risk factors with a fixed-effects model or random-effects model. The analysis was further stratified by factors that might affect the results of the intervention. From studies identified in the initial search results, 12 randomized studies were included in the final analysis, which showed that a low-carbohydrate diet was associated with a decrease in triglyceride levels of Low-carbohydrate diet interventions lasting less than 6 months were associated with a decrease of The change in the body weight in the observation groups was The change in the systolic blood pressure of the observation group was The plasma LDL-C level increased by 0.
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NCBI Bookshelf. Uppaluri 3. Since , and more recently, in , low carbohydrate low-carb diets have been a strategy for weight loss. Today, there continues to be an interest in low-carb approaches. While all low carbohydrate approaches reduce the overall intake of carbohydrates, there is no clear consensus on what defines a low-carb diet. Therefore, studies have defined low carbohydrate as a percent of daily macronutrient intake or total daily carbohydrate load. We will define it here as. Low-carb approaches stem primarily from the hypothesis that lowering insulin, a critical hormone that produces an anabolic, fat-storing state, improves cardiometabolic function, and induces weight loss. One hypothesis of why low-carb approaches produce rapid weight loss compared to other diets is that fats and protein increase satiety and produce less concomitant hypoglycemia.